Sex may refer to either the gender of individuals in many species that are distinguished as being female or male. Constitutional law considers sex a "suspect classification", so classifications made by public entities based upon gender are strictly scrutinized for a compelling state interest to support it. Sex may also refer to sexual intercourse. The definition of sexual intercourse varies by state. Various state and local laws regulate sex, such as laws criminalizing underage sex and prostitution, testing for sexually transmitted diseases, and sale of obscene material.
Federal courts ask: What is the meaning of 'sex'? - evedtla.com
W ords that seem short and simple often conceal the greatest complexity in meaning. The longest entries in the Oxford English Dictionary are not for long words but the multifarious run and set. A leaked memo, obtained by the New York Times , suggests that the Trump Administration may soon attempt to rein in the word after a long period during which courts have expanded its legal meaning. The Obama Administration took the view that the word sex , like an umbrella, also covers gender identity.
Sex and the law deals with the regulation by law of human sexual activity. Sex laws vary from one place or jurisdiction to another, and have varied over time, and unlawful sexual acts are also called sex crimes. Some laws regarding sexual activity are intended to protect one or all participants, while others are intended to proscribe behavior that has been defined as a crime. For example, a law may proscribe unprotected sex if one person knows that he or she has a sexual disease or to protect a minor; or it may proscribe non-consensual sex, or because of a relationship between the participants, etc.
Both assumptions work well enough most of the time. However, those who are familiar with DSD know there are actually several components of biological sex that are not always congruent. Similarly, there are several ways that sex is determined for different legal and administrative purposes. These, too, are not always congruent.